Hydraulic Fracturing 101
If you say hydraulic fracturing, you are referring to a process of removing resources found underground such as geothermal energy, water, oil, and natural gas. The gas and oil industries make sure to use to their advantage the process of hydraulic fracturing. They use this process to be able to increase the subsurface that you can find among fracture systems. This is done in order for the natural gas and oil to move easily to the production wells starting from the rock pores. The oil and gas will be able to rise up the surface with the help of these wells.
Hydraulic fracturing usually begins the moment the wells or other infrastructures have been made. Drilling in vertical or directional/horizontal sections is what is usually being done among these product wells. Oftentimes, the standing well sections will then be drilled to the earth’s surface thousands of feet. From the production well, the horizontal sections could move away between 1000 to 6000 inches.
During the hydraulic fracturing process, high pressure is used to push the fluids to the geological structure. Such fluids are composed of water and chemical additives. These fluids are needed in about a thousand gallon of amount. As the pressure gets higher, the rock fractures become weaker and with the aid of chemical fluids, the fractures will be enlarged. This is made possible at very long distances that range a great thousand feet.
When the choice of fracture is achieved, there will be a particular propping chemical that will be pushed into the faults. Doing this is crucial to process to keep the faults opened once the fluids must be pumped. The fracturing fluids going up happens at the end of the hydraulic fracturing process where the cause for this is the internal pressure from the structure. Such fluids can either be restored or disposed after they have been collected into tanks or pits.
The term flowback is what you call the fracturing fluid that was collected yet again. Flowback can then be rid from the site with the use of two ways, that is the discharge of it to the surface water and having it go through underground injection. When the people who are in charge of either of these processes fail to get the job right, then the environment will have to suffer from its consequences.
In order for the process of hydraulic fracturing to be done the best way, frac units available must be bought by the oil or gas company. This is why you have to choose the right manufacturer of the hydraulic fracturing tools and equipment that you will be using.